Telecommunications 101 for Non-engineers

Telecommunications 101 for Non-engineers

July 27-28, 2020 | Online :: Central Time

This 1.5 day course for non-engineering professionals will provide an overview of the history of the telecommunications industry and the application of that industry to utility communication networks. Attendees will discuss the new technologies, regulatory impacts, and market trends regarding utility telecommunication technologies. This is a basic course designed for anyone new to the world of telecommunications or for those who have traditionally supported the utility side of the business, which now includes telephony. We will define industry buzz words and acronyms, explore case studies about public and private networks for utility communication, and the emergence of new technologies like the application of 5G network equipment to existing utility infrastructure.

What are utility options for both wholesale and retail communication services? Consumers and employees are demanding new and faster ways of communicating. The focus on application integration for communication technology and the impact of the “cloud” is changing the way electric utilities do business and the technology required to support it.  Who’s responsible for what?  Why and how is “real-time communications” different from data communications?  Join us to gain clarity on today’s confusing landscape and prepare to set your sights on the Next Generation Technologies. 

In addition to the knowledge gained in this course, attendees will depart with valuable resources and industry links that will provide the opportunity for ongoing research and increased knowledge. This course is designed to encourage questions from the participants.  It will be fun and interactive; however, no individual will be called upon or singled out.  PowerPoint slides will be used to illustrate important points; however, it will not be death by PowerPoint and full of dry bullets. 

The course will also cover the following:

  • The history of the telephone industry and telephony regulation, for example the Bell System, and why it still matters
  • Understanding the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) and underlying technology
  • The fundamental transmission concepts and physical networks needed to support real-time communications
  • Cyber and physical security solutions for utility telecommunication networks
  • Premises-based systems vs. cloud technology
  • SIP trunks, Web-RTC, and Software Defined Networks
  • Contact centers and self-service technologies
  • What is going on in today’s marketplace and who are the key players?

Learning Outcomes

  • Define the basic elements of telecommunications and their impact on today’s communication trends
  • Build utility business case for implementing new technologies and collaboration processes to improve both internal and external utility communications networks
  • Apply knowledge of infrastructure fundamentals to support advanced technologies such as Fiber to the Premise (FTTP), Wave-Division Multiplexing, and the latest in wireless technologies such as 5G, small cell applications, and future next generation networks
  • Define and differentiate between network types like LANs, MANs, and WANs and the role in connecting users and services
  • Identify the pros and cons for various technology options as they apply to services delivery by a utility or independent regional carrier
  • Review the infrastructure competitors and the service provider competitors faced by the utility-based communications supplier
  • Explore the current technology options such as the application of EVs, IoT, AR, VR and SaaS solutions for data management, cyber security and operational functions
  • Identify the FCC actions and other local and state regulatory impacts on utility telecommunication networks



EUCI is accredited by the International Accreditors for Continuing Education and Training (IACET) and offers IACET CEUs for its learning events that comply with the ANSI/IACET Continuing Education and Training Standard. IACET is recognized internationally as a standard development organization and accrediting body that promotes quality of continuing education and training.

EUCI is authorized by IACET to offer 1.0 CEUs for this course and 0.4 CEUs for the workshop.


Requirements for Successful Completion of Program

Participants must sign in/out each day, be in attendance for the entirety of the course

Instructional Methods

Power Point presentations and open discussion will be used


Monday, July 27, 2020 – Central time

The collaboration of technologies and cross functional support that is needed for today’s environment is changing.  This session begins with the history of Telecommunications and will walk through the systems, networks, and supporting technologies.  We will close with the future and next generation of telephony.

8:30 – 9:00 am :: Login

9:00 am – 4:00 pm :: Course Timing

12:00 – 12:30 pm :: Lunch Break

Introductions, Course Plan, and Expectations

Telephony Fundamentals

  • Historical Viewpoint
    • Earliest Technologies and Inventions
    •  The Bell System and Long Distance
    • Local Exchange Carrier (LEC)
    • IXCs, ILECs, and CLECs
    • Regulation and Competition                                                                                                              
    • Comparing the PC Industry to the Telephone Industry
    • Resellers and Broadband Carriers
  • Public Switched Telephone Network
    • Basic Model of the PSTN / Central Offices
    • Trunks and Circuit Switching
    • Voice Bandwidth
    • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
    • Synchronous Optical Networking (SONET)
    • Passive Optical Networking (PON)
    • Ethernet Over Copper
  • Basic Telephony – Analog
    • Analog Signals & Circuits
    • Attenuation and Amplifiers
    • Interference and Crosstalk
    • Telephone Service Elements
    • Tip and Ring and Circuit Signaling
    • Loop-Start Signaling
    • E&M Signaling
    • In-Band and Out of Band Signaling
    • Supervision and Call Progress Tones
    • North American Numbering Plan
    • Interconnection and Point of Presence
    • ANI and Caller ID
    • E911 Routing
  • Digital Telecommunications
    • Baseband vs. Broadband
    • Digital encoding / decoding
    • Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
    • Digital Carrier Standards (DS0, DS1, etc.)
    • Multiplexers and Channel Banks
    • Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
  • Voice over IP (VoIP)
    • Packetized Voice
    • VoIP Transmission
    • Quality of Service (QoS) Impact
    • Vocoder Comparisons
    • Codec Standards
    • VoIP System Components
    • Channels versus Packets

Physical Networking

  • LAN Cables and Categories
    • Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) and Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)
    • Shielding Types
    • Twisted-Pair Copper Cabling Standards
    • TIA-568A vs. TIA-568B
  • Fiber Optics
    • Light Pulses
    • Fiber Optic Basics
    • Multimode and Single-Mode Fiber
  • Ethernet over Copper
  • Metropolitan Area Networks (MANs)
  • Fiber to the Premise (FTTP)
  • FTTN & Broadband Coax to the Premise
  • Cable Modem Termination System
  • DSL Access Multiplexer
  • Wireless
    • RF Spectrum
    • Wireless LANs
    • WiFi Generations
    • Mobile / Cellular Technologies
    • 4G Cellular: LTE
    • 5G Cellular and small cell technology
    • Communications Satellites
    • Free-Space Optics


  • Telephone Network Architecture
    • Transmission Network
  • Legacy Telephony Systems and Key Features
    • Key Systems
    • PBX and PBX Trunks
    • Analog PBX – Switch Matrix
    • Analog vs Digital Telephony
    • Switching Evolution
    • Data, Voice, and IP
    • Direct Inward Dialing (DID)
    • Line Hunting and Call Forwarding
    • Attendant & Automated Attendant
    • Automated Call Distributor (ACD)
    • Interactive Voice Response (IVR)
    • Centrex
  • VoIP Service, Hosted/Cloud Solutions
    • Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
    • SIP Signaling
    • SIP Trunks
    • Session Border Controller
    • Multi-Tenant and IP-Centrex
    • Hosted / Cloud PBX Systems
    • VoIP Service Level Agreements (SLAs)

Key Network Concepts for Telephony

  • ISO OSI Reference Model
  • Wide Area Networks (WANs)
  • Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
  • MPLS Networks and Traffic Profiles
  • IP Networks
  • Virtual Circuit Technologies
    • Virtual Private Network (VPN)
    • Internet VPNs
    • VoIP Encryption


  • What is Cloud Telephony?
    • Consumer-grade Cloud Telephony
    • Enterprise Hosted Telephony
  • VoIP Service Reliability
  • Private Cloud
  • Cloud Fit: Public vs. Private
  • Web-RTC

Tuesday, July 28, 2020 – Central time

8:30 – 9:00 a.m. :: Log in

9:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. :: Course Timing


Unified Communications

  • The Fuzzy Definitions
  • System Architecture and Convergence
  • UC beyond IP Telephony
    • Peer-to-Peer Video
    • Audio and Video Conferencing
    • Mobility
    • Instant Messaging
    • IM and Presence
    • Unified Messaging
    • Personal Assistant & Speech Access
    • Collaboration Players
  • Enhanced Systems
    • Contact Centers
    • Interactive Voice Response (IVR)
    • Communications Enabled Business Processes
  • Analytics and Reporting
  • Speech Analytics
  • Leading UC Manufacturers
  • Leading Network Services Providers/ Carriers
  • Leading UCaaS Providers

Latest Generation Technologies and Developments

  • Marketplace Trends
  • Software Defined Networks (SDN)
  • SD-WAN
  • The Internet of Things (IoT) and 5G Wireless
  • Communications Platform as a Service (CPaaS)
  • Virtual Reality Impacts and Applications
  • Intelligent Low-Voltage Lighting
  • Expansion of the Internet Cloud
  • Artificial Intelligence
    • Machine Learning
    • Deep Earning
  • Security Challenges and Tools
  • FCC Actions and Pending Issues
    • Net Neutrality
    • Automatic Location Information (E911 ALI)
  • Next Generation E911 Systems
  • The Future of Telecom

Course Recap and General Questions

  • High-quality Industry Resources


J.R. Simmons, Principal Consultant, Ross & Baruzzini

J.R. Simmons has over 40 years of experience in the telecommunications systems industry, including over 30 years as a consultant providing strategic planning, design, analysis, and implementation management skills.  He is considered a thought leader in unified communications and collaboration technologies.  J.R. is a Principal Consultant at Ross & Baruzzini, a national technology consulting firm headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri.    They are one of the most well-known independent telecommunications consulting firms in the nation and a recognized leader for telecommunication systems design and communications infrastructure consulting projects.  

As an industry expert J.R. has provided expert testimony in several legal cases.  He contributes to two of the most respected industry web sites (No Jitter and BC Strategies) and frequently gives speeches on a wide variety of telecommunications management and technology subjects.  He taught advanced telecommunications courses for a Community College Certificate program and continues to teach via independent seminars, and educational programs such as this one offered by EUCI.

J.R.’s experience includes work on complex telephone systems and call centers, cabling infrastructure and layer one electronics, and both local and wide area networks.  His current projects tend to focus on strategic planning and business process analysis, but also include data networking design, systems analysis, unified communications, and contact centers. 

Ross & Baruzzini works with organizations of all sizes with increasingly complex technical environments. As a teacher at heart, J.R. has a passion of sharing his knowledge of trends and emerging technology in an effort to educate others and assist his customers in making the best decisions.  J.R.’s team are experts in all facets of voice and data communications; they provide professional services that incorporate multiple technology disciplines including:

  • Strategic planning
  • Functional and technical requirements definition
  • System design
  • Infrastructure communication design and cabling coordination
  • Contact Center design and operational improvements
  • Carrier services including Telecom Expense Management
  • Telecom facility/utility audit
  • Project management services

Online Delivery

Our courses are designed to be the best possible use of your valuable time – get the information you need to improve your position in the market in an interactive, dynamic format.

We will be using Microsoft Teams to facilitate your participation in the upcoming event. You do not need to have an existing Teams account in order to participate in the broadcast – the course will play in your browser and you will have the option of using a microphone to speak with the room and ask questions, or type any questions in via the chat window and our on-site representative will relay your question to the instructor.

  • You will receive a meeting invitation will include a link to join the meeting.
  • Separate meeting invitations will be sent for the morning and afternoon sessions of the course.
    • You will need to join the appropriate meeting at the appropriate time.
  • If you are using a microphone, please ensure that it is muted until such time as you need to ask a question.
  • The remote meeting connection will be open approximately 30 minutes before the start of the course. We encourage you to connect as early as possible in case you experience any unforeseen problems.


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