Oilfields 101
August 14-15, 2017
Houston, TX

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Overview

This course will present an overview of oilfield operations, both subsurface (downhole) and surface.  The downhole portion will present an overview, and then drill down into actual data from well files, and how the information in the files relates to the reality in the well.  The facilities topics covered will include liquids and gas gathering and processing.

The intent is that participants will be able to apply the information learned the first day they return to their jobs.  The information will be presented in terms of diagrams and photos of real equipment, and real example documents.  The information will not be a gussied up “ideal” case, but will show the equipment or documentation as we actually experience it.  Lessons learned from the instructor’s experience will be incorporated throughout.

Learning Outcomes

Attendees to this course will

  1. Get a foothold in comprehending drilling and production reports and other documents that typically come across their desks
  2. Grapple with acronyms and jargon, and recognize that they are not the only one who doesn’t understand them
  3. Relate concepts about fluids, pressure, and rate to the operations that take place in oilfields
  4. Describe the structure of the industry and the organizations within it, and identify communication paths within and between organizations as well as key vocabulary terms and scheduling processes
  5. State information about key points of environmental compliance
  6. Recognize the function of equipment items, procedures, and mechanical devices used in the oilfield developments
  7. Recognize practices that improve efficiency in operations

Credits

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EUCI has been accredited as an Authorized Provider by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET).  In obtaining this accreditation, EUCI has demonstrated that it  complies with the ANSI/IACET Standard which is recognized internationally as a standard of good practice. As a result of their Authorized Provider status, EUCI is authorized to offer IACET CEUs for its programs that qualify under the ANSI/IACET Standard.

EUCI is authorized by IACET to offer 1.5 CEUs for this event.

 

Requirements for Successful Completion of Program

Participants must sign in/out each day and be in attendance for the entirety of the course to be eligible for continuing education credit.

Instructional Methods

Case studies and PowerPoint presentations will be used in this program.

Agenda

Monday, August 14, 2017

8:00 – 8:30 a.m. :: Registration and Continental Breakfast

8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. :: Course Timing

12:00p.m. – 1:00 p.m. :: Group Luncheon


Overview of Upstream Activities

  • Distinguishing upstream, midstream and downstream
  • Types of organizations: operating companies, vendors, service companies, engineering firms, regulatory agencies
  • Recognize surface facilities and subsurface (downhole) activities and the people who work on them
  • Schedules and planning processes used in the industry

Reservoir and Geology

  • The resource available in the reservoir is what drives our business
  • Role of reservoir engineers: both technical and leadership
    • Planning
    • Economics
    • CAPEX, OPEX
  • Reservoir engineers and geologists determine where to drill, infill spacing, injection and similar activities
    • Logging, reservoir evaluation
    • What sorts of data do we get from logs? What is it used for?
    • What is correlation? Log analysis?
    • 3D models
    • Reserves estimation
  • Secondary recovery
    • Why we need it
    • What it entails

Drilling

  • Mechanical process: how it works
    • Circulation
    • Mud (and how it differs from completion fluid)
    • Purpose of casing and cement
  • Making sense of jargon and acronyms
    • What’s an “annulus?” Is gas considered a “fluid?”  Why would we want “isolation?”
  • Wellwork building blocks and deciphering reports
  • How do they drill sideways?

Completion

  • We drill the well, then we complete it
  • Types of completions
    • Cased and perforated
    • Fractured
    • Slotted liner
    • Gravel pack
  • What are “tools?” Hammers and wrenches?
    • Packers
    • Bridge plugs
    • Frac ports and sleeves

Production

  • Production people wear a lot of hats
  • Examples of production operations
    • Pulling wells
    • Well testing
    • Analyzing mechanical failures in wells
    • Acidizing
    • Steam, waterflood, and CO2 injection
  • Artificial lift
    • Why we need it
    • Pumping units
      • Rod pumps, balls and seats
      • Traditional and long stroke units
    • Gas lift
    • Plunger lift
    • Electrical submersible pumps

Decommissioning

  • Plugging and abandonment

Well File Examples

  • Go through a well summary report line by line, explain jargon and what’s happening
  • Go through a well history report line by line, explain jargon and what’s happening
  • Go through a squeeze cementing report line by line, explain jargon and what’s happening

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

8:00 – 8:30 a.m. :: Continental Breakfast

8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. :: Course Timing

12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m. :: Group Luncheon


Fracturing

  • How is fracturing done?
    • Equipment
    • Pad, frac stages, proppant, flush, flowback
    • Computer modeling
    • Frac fluid chemistry
      • Why are different additives used?
    • Proppant
      • Sand
      • Man-made proppant
      • Embedment
      • Crushing
    • What does well integrity consist of, and how do we achieve it?
      • Zonal isolation examples
      • Cement problems
      • Crossflow between zones
      • Old wells
    • How can we avoid having problems?
      • Suppose we are buying an oilfield. What do we analyze, to see if there is a problem?
      • Well files
      • Water chemistry
      • Earthquakes
      • Where can we get solid information on fracturing?
        • Usefulness of technical papers vs. press reports
        • Getting useful results from search engines
      • What’s different about shale fracturing, compared to traditional fracturing?
      • What happens in the formations?
        • Stress contrast between zones and where the frac goes
        • Fracture geometry
        • Tiltmeters, microseismic: monitoring where the fracs go
        • Pressure charts
          • ISIP
          • Fracture extension

Surface Facilities: Overall Process and Building Blocks

  • Liquids separation
  • Natural gas
  • Common processes
    • Oil/Water separation
    • Flotation (WEMCO’s & IGF’s)
    • Metering
    • Filtration
    • Chemical reactions
    • Heat sources
    • Pumping/compression

Natural Gas

  • Gas handling
  • Compression
  • H2S removal

Function of Equipment Items, Procedures, and Mechanical Devices Used in the Oilfield

  • Pumps
  • Types of pumps – centrifugal, positive displacement
  • Tanks and vessels
  • They are not just big cans, they have internals
    • Baffles, weirboxes, internals, steam coils, overflow lines
  • Level controls
  • Leak detection, wall thickness, bottom thickness testing
  • Oil plant and water plant
  • Three elements of treating
  • FWKO/heater treater
  • LACT
  • Water flotation, filtration & softening, reverse osmosis
  • Gathering and distribution systems
  • Liquids collection: flowlines and trunklines
  • Gas/vapor collection: flowlines and trunklines
  • Distribution: water & gas injection
  • Corrosion and materials
  • Fired equipment
  • Heater treaters
  • Flares
  • Pollution control systems
  • Instruments and controls
    • Types of instruments
      • Flowmeters
      • Level
      • Temperature
      • BS&W, vibration, gas analyzers
    • Actuated valves
    • PLC’s

Practices that Improve Efficiency: Project Planning and Diagrams

  • Overall budget process
  • Pre-FEED > FEED > Detailed design > Construction
  • Budget prices vs. “quote”
  • What are PFD’s, P&ID’s? What are they good for?

Instructor

Lisa Denke, P.E.

Lisa Denke began her career by getting a bachelor’s in electrical engineering from the University of Wyoming. She took a job cementing, acidizing and fracturing wells with Schlumberger in Worland, Wyoming, and has worked in California, North Dakota, and the Rocky Mountain area. Her experience includes both subsurface and facilities engineering, as well as project management for Texaco, Aera and Berry. She understands the contract side of the business as well, having worked for the consulting firms TJ Cross, Ken Small, and Processes Unlimited. She currently works as a consultant in downhole and facilities operations.  She is licensed as a mechanical engineer in Wyoming.

Location

Royal Sonesta Houston
2222 West Loop S
Houston, TX 77027

To reserve your room, please call 1-713-627-7600
Please indicate that you are with the EUCI group to receive the group rate.

Room Rate:

The room rate is $129.00 single or double plus applicable taxes.

Room Block Dates:

A room block has been reserved for the nights of August 13 – 14, 2017.

Rate Available Until:

Make your reservations prior to July 13, 2017. There are a limited number of rooms available at the conference rate. Please make your reservations early.

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