Agrivoltaics / Dual Use Solar

Agrivoltaics / Dual Use Solar

March 23-24, 2022 | Online :: Central Time


The widespread adoption and development of solar across a nearly full range of landscapes, topographies and geographies has triggered multiple “dual use” innovations.  Among the most promising of these is agrivoltaics: the co-location of solar with natural resource practices broadly characterized as agriculture.  The inclusion of crops, pollinating, sheep grazing and other elements can amplify the economics and utility of any solar project – whether sited in rural areas where large solar arrays proliferate or even in more constrained, urban development settings.

This symposium will present a comprehensive survey of agrivoltaic concepts as they are applied in two related – but, distinct – scenarios:  1) Ag features where solar is the primary land use, and 2) solar arrays where Ag is the primary land use (think farms, ranches, etc.).  It will evaluate:

  • What elements comprise agrivoltaics
  • The “dollars-and-sense” value proposition of agrivoltaics for solar project developers and land-owners
  • The impact of agrivoltaics on solar project design, engineering and operations
  • How geography and climate influence agrivoltaic implementations
  • Implementation case studies under multiple project development scenarios
  • Studies, research and pilot projects that guide best practices

Learning Outcomes

Attendees will gain practical skills and insights on how to:

  • Review the research, pilot projects and best practices that best inform those considering agrivoltaic projects
  • Identify the Ag practices that can be co-located with solar project development, as well as their potential outcomes
  • Assess what modifications to conventional project development practices and component selection are necessary to accommodate Ag elements
  • Estimate cost vs benefits (LCOE) co-locating agricultural practices with solar projects
  • Analyze supplemental revenue streams associated w/Ag elements
  • Examine case studies of agrivoltaics projects from the perspective of project sponsors, developers, lenders, EPCs and OEM suppliers
  • Evaluate how procurement contracts – such as PPAs, BTAs and EPCs – and other measures must be modified to accommodate agrivoltaic elements


Wednesday, March 23, 2022 : Central Time

8:45 – 9:00 a.m.
Log In and Welcome

12:15 – 1:00 p.m.
Lunch Break

9:00 a.m. – 4:45 p.m.
Course Timing


9:00 – 9:20 a.m. :: Overview & Introductions

9:20 – 10:30 a.m. :: What Elements Comprise Agrivoltaics

  • Grazing
  • Crops
  • Pollination
  • Seeds

The General Concepts for (Dual Use) of Co-Location of Ag and Solar

  • Ag with Solar (primary land use)
  • Solar on Ag (primary land use)

10:30 – 10:45 a.m. :: Morning Break

10:45 a.m. – 12:15 p.m. :: Value Proposition of Agrivoltaics

  • Project developer’s business objective
  • Opens up additional greenfield/brownfield development scenarios
  • Primary or supplemental (rental and/or crop) revenue to landowner (farmer)
  • Supplemental revenue to developer and/or landowner
  • Cost avoidance to developer
  • Benefit to adjoining ag (or other) operations and habitat restoration
  • Satisfy ESG objectives of off-taker
  • Community acceptance

The Dollars and Sense of Agrivoltaics

  • Initial research and resource identification
  • Confirmation of permitting and other regulatory requirements
  • Front-end investments
  • Impact on solar energy output
  • Ongoing operations
  • Revenue expectations and/or expense avoidance
  • REC “upgrades”
  • State-specific guidelines and incentives
  • LCOE compared to non-ag solar project

12:15 – 1:00 p.m. :: Lunch Break

1:00 – 3:00 p.m. :: Impact on Solar Development and Operations

  • Development constraints
    • Environmental review
    • Permitting
    • Liabilities and insurance
    • Risk components for use
    • O&M conflicts
    • Local and/or state co-location restrictions
  • Site considerations and modifications (compared to no ag features)
    • Water consumption and management
    • Erosion control
    • Access and security
    • Vegetation management
  • Selection of (modified?) key components
    • Modules
    • Mounting and racking systems
    • Supplemental lighting
  • Conflict(s) and complementarities with Ag operations

3:00 – 3:15 p.m. :: Afternoon Break

3:15 – 4:45 p.m. :: How Geography and Climate Influence Agrivoltaic Implementations

  • Crop selection
  • Grazing options
  • Pollinating and native grasses
  • Solar design, engineering and construction

4:45 p.m. :: Symposium Adjourns for Day


Thursday, March 24, 2022 : Central Time

8:45 – 9:00 a.m.
Log In and Welcome

12:00 – 12:45 p.m.
Lunch Break

9:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Course Timing


9:00 – 10:30 a.m. :: Implementation Case Studies

  • Case study – Enel Green Power has combined sheep grazing and pollinating practices across multiple agrivoltaic elements across 900 acres of Minnesota projects
  • Case study – Encore Renewable Energy and Greenbacker Capital collaborate on multiple projects that incorporate agrivoltaic elements

10:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. :: Implementation Case Studies

  • Case study – Clif Bar & Co, the country’s leading manufacturer of energy snacks, relies on solar and renewable energy credits to power its operations.  This case study will discuss how the company incorporates agrivoltaics when it sources its energy procurement. 
  • Case study – This segment will consider several large farms and Ag operations that are adding solar to supplement their revenue and boost crop yields

12:00 – 12:45 p.m. :: Lunch Break

12:45 – 2:45 p.m. :: Studies, Research and Pilot Projects

  • Agri-Solar Clearinghouse at the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT)
  • Agrivoltaics Learning Lab (Univ of Arizona)
  • Oregon State University

2:45 – 3:00 p.m. :: Afternoon Break

3:00 – 4:30 p.m. :: Embedding Agrivoltaics in Procurement Solicitations

  • RFPs
  • PPAs
  • C&I


Emily Cole, New England Deputy Director, American Farmland Trust

Emily Cole leads AFT’s Climate and Agriculture Program in New England. She works both to improve and advocate for the integration of climate-smart management practices into New England’s productive farming communities through education, outreach, and policy.  Before joining AFT, she was an assistant professor of environmental science at Westfield State University. Previously, she was a high school teacher and farming during the summers prompted her to pursue her doctorate degree in agriculture. Emily has won a number of awards in her field including the Gerald O. Mott Meritorious Graduate Student Award in Crop Science, Northeast SARE Graduate Student Grant, and Lotta M. Crabtree Fellowship in Production Agriculture. She earned her Doctorate in plant and soil sciences from the University of Massachusetts Amherst, where her research focused on improving soil health and carbon sequestration though the application of biochar and implementation of climate-smart management practices. She also holds a Master of Science Education from Boston University and a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry from Kenyon College.

Rob Davis, Communications Lead, Connexus Energy

Rob Davis is Communications Lead at Connexus Energy, Minnesota’s largest electric cooperative located just north of Minneapolis and St. Paul serving 140,000+ residential and commercial members.  Before joining Connexus, over seven years he served at Fresh Energy in two capacities: as Director of the Center for Pollinators in Energy, the leading national clearinghouse and catalyzer of pollinator-friendly solar information, standards, best practices, and state-based initiatives and as director of the Media & Innovation Lab.  Mr. Davis’s extensive professional background in communications includes several years in leadership roles at the Minneapolis College of Art & Design, Haberman Associates, Gearworks Inc and Pioneer PR, where he was Founder and Principal.

Zachary Eldredge, Solar Energy Technology Manager – Strategic Analysis, U.S. DOE

Dr. Zachary Eldredge is Technology Manager at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), where he has managed solar energy research portfolios since 2019.  Before assuming that role, he was an ORISE Fellow working in the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Office on Strategic Analysis.  He earned a BS degree in Physics from the University of Oklahoma and a Ph. D. degree in quantum information at the University of Maryland.

Robin Ernst, President, Meadville Land Service

Robin Ernst is President of Meadville Land Service Inc, a mobile restoration company specializing in wetland mitigation and stream restoration.  She is also president of Monarch Vegetations Services.

Chad Farrell, Founder & Chief Executive Officer, Encore Renewable Energy

Chad Farrell is the Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Encore Renewable Energy. He is a developer, project manager and environmental engineer with over 20 years of professional experience in the fields of environmental engineering, professional project management and renewable energy project development.  He maintains expertise in the development of alternative energy and the redevelopment of contaminated properties. Chad holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Mechanical Engineering from Bucknell University in 1992 and earned a Master of Science Degree in Environmental Engineering from the University of Vermont in 1998.  He is a member of the Board of Directors for Renewable Energy Vermont, Vermont’s renewable energy trade organization and serves on the Board of Directors for the Vermont Natural Resources Council, a statewide environmental advocacy organization. Mr. Farrell is also a member of the Vermont Climate Economy Action Team.

Prof Greg Baron-Gafford, Assistant Professor – School of Geography & Development and Associate Director of the Community & School Garden Program, Arizona State University

Dr. Greg Barron-Gafford is an Assistant Professor with a split appointment between the School of Geography & Development and Biosphere 2. His research is centered on developing a bettering understanding of semi-arid ecosystem responses and adaptation to climatic changes, such as increased temperature and reduced precipitation.  Dr. Barron-Gafford has used a combination of growth chambers, greenhouses, Biosphere 2 macrocosms, and a series of natural-system eddy covariance towers to quantify carbon and water flux across a mosaic of ecosystem types – both natural and built environments. He is a leading expert in quantifying the influence that vegetative cover has on ecosystem carbon and water flux under current and project climate regimes.  Dr. Barron-Gafford received his B.S. in Environmental Sciences from Texas Christian University before earning his M.S. in Forest Ecology from the University of Georgia and a Ph.D. in Ecology & Evolutionary Biology from the University of Arizona.

Lexi Hain, Executive Director, American Solar Grazing Association

Lexi Hain serves as Executive Director at the American Solar Grazing Association, which she co-founded in 2018.   ASGA is a not-for-profit organization with the goal of promoting best practices in solar grazing, and is the originator of the solar site mapping tool “connecting farmers with solar companies”, which launched May 2020.  Ms Hain has been a farm owner in New York State since 2005.  She started with a small homestead, then transitioned to owner and operator of a specialty plant nursery, Motherplants, from 2005 to 2015.  When she sold the company after a decade, she launched a business – Agrivoltaic Solutions LLC – specializing in solar grazing with sheep.  By 2020 the grazing business included five solar companies as clients.

Elysa Hammond, Executive Fellow – Regenerative Business & Climate Solutions, Clif Bar

Elysa Hammond is Executive Fellow of Regenerative Business & Climate Solutions at Clif Bar & Co, manufacturer of nutritious energy foods.  She has been with the company for more than two decades, moving up the organizational ranks from her initial role as an Ecologist, then Director and most recently as Vice President of Environmental Stewardship before assuming her current position in 2021.  In that role she oversees the agrivoltaic and other sustainability initiatives that the firm is known for.  Ms Hammond earned a BS degree in Crop Science form Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, and two masters degrees from Yale University’s School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.

Dr. Chad Higgins, Assoc Professor – Dept of Biological and Ecological Engineering, Oregon State University

Chad Higgins is Assoc Professor in the Dept of Biological & Ecological Engineering at Oregon State University and Associate Director of the Water Resources Engineering Dept.  His research efforts include work on agrivoltaics, and he is actively developing an Oregon solar project that incorporates agrivoltaic elements.  Dr. Higgins earned  a BS degree in Agricultural and Biological Engineering at Cornell University, and his Master’s and Ph.D. degrees from Johns Hopkins University.

Jordan Macknick, Lead Energy/Water/Land Analyst – Strategic Energy Analysis Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

Jordan Macknick is the Lead Energy-Water-Land Analyst for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). He is a member of the Strategic Energy Analysis Center’s Systems Modeling team within the Resources and Sustainability Group. His primary work addresses the environmental impacts of energy technologies, while seeking opportunities for energy and ecological synergies. In his energy-water-land leadership capacity,  Mr Macknick analyzes national and regional implications of different energy pathways in the context of water and land resources, evaluates opportunities to improve the energy management of water infrastructure, and explores innovative approaches to co-locating solar and agricultural activities.

(Dr) Stacie Peterson, Energy Program Director, National Center for Appropriate Technology

Stacie Peterson is Energy Program Director at the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT), where she oversees the Energy Efficiency program, Energy Services, Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP), National Energy Assistance Referral (NEAR) program, and the Energy Corps AmeriCorps program. She holds a doctorate in interdisciplinary studies from the University of Montana.  Dr. Peterson also earned bachelor’s and a master’s degrees in environmental engineering. She came to NCAT after working as the project manager for the Mine Waste Technology Program at Montana Tech and as an environmental historian at Heritage Research Center.  Dr. Peterson has also worked as an environmental health specialist with the Butte-Silver Bow Health Department and as an adjunct professor at Montana Tech.

Brian Ross, Vice President – Renewable Energy, Great Plains Institute

Brian Ross is a Vice President at the Great Plains Institute (GPI), leading GPI’s renewable energy market transformation efforts in the Midwest and nationally.  He joined the institute after 20 years as a consultant working with local, regional, and state governments on climate and energy planning, policy, and regulation.  Mr. Ross managed stakeholder engagement and technical committee facilitation for the MN Solar Pathways project, identifying barriers and solutions to deep penetration of renewable energy in Minnesota and the Midwest.  He currently directs GPI’s technical assistance for the national SolSmart certification program for local governments, is helping lead national research efforts on integrating renewable energy development with natural systems and for water quality benefits, and is developing work on non-electric integration of renewable energy systems.

Online Delivery

We will be using Microsoft Teams to facilitate your participation in the upcoming event. You do not need to have an existing Teams account in order to participate in the broadcast – the course will play in your browser and you will have the option of using a microphone to speak with the room and ask questions, or type any questions in via the chat window and our on-site representative will relay your question to the instructor.

  • IMPORTANT NOTE: After November 30 you will not be able to join a Teams meeting using Internet Explorer 11. Microsoft recommends downloading and installing the Teams app if possible. You may also use the Edge browser or Chrome.
  • You will receive a meeting invitation will include a link to join the meeting.
  • Separate meeting invitations will be sent for the morning and afternoon sessions of the course.
    • You will need to join the appropriate meeting at the appropriate time.
  • If you are using a microphone, please ensure that it is muted until such time as you need to ask a question.
  • The remote meeting connection will be open approximately 30 minutes before the start of the course. We encourage you to connect as early as possible in case you experience any unforeseen problems.


Please Note: This event is being conducted entirely online. All attendees will connect and attend from their computer, one connection per purchase. For details please see our FAQ

If you are unable to attend at the scheduled date and time, we make recordings available to all registrants for three business days after the event

EventEarly Bird Before Tuesday, November 01, 2022 Standard RateAttendees
Single Seat - Agrivoltaics / Dual Use SolarUS $ 1295.00 US $ 1295.00
Pack of 5 SeatsUS $ 5,180.00
Pack of 10 SeatsUS $ 9,065.00
Pack of 20 SeatsUS $ 15,540.00
Call us at 303.770.8800 if you have any specific questions on the volume discounts
* all other discounts do not apply to seat packs

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Cancellation Policy

Your registration may be transferred to a member of your organization up to 24 hours in advance of the event. Cancellations must be received on or before February 18, 2022 in order to be refunded and will be subject to a US $195.00 processing fee per registrant. No refunds will be made after this date. Cancellations received after this date will create a credit of the tuition (less processing fee) good toward any other EUCI event. This credit will be good for six months from the cancellation date. In the event of non-attendance, all registration fees will be forfeited. In case of conference cancellation, EUCIs liability is limited to refund of the event registration fee only. For more information regarding administrative policies, such as complaints and refunds, please contact our offices at 303-770-8800

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EUCI is accredited by the International Accreditors for Continuing Education and Training (IACET) and offers IACET CEUs for its learning events that comply with the ANSI/IACET Continuing Education and Training Standard. IACET is recognized internationally as a standard development organization and accrediting body that promotes quality of continuing education and training.

EUCI is authorized by IACET to offer 1.3 CEUs for this event.

Instructional Methods

Case studies and PowerPoint presentations will be used in this program.

Requirements For Successful Completion Of Program

Participants must login for the entirety of the event to be eligible for continuing education credit.

Upon successful completion of this event, program participants interested in receiving CPE credits will receive a certificate of completion.

Course CPE Credits: 15.5
There is no prerequisite for this Course.
Program field of study: Specialized Knowledge
Program Level: Beginner/Intermediate
Delivery Method: Group-Live presented online due to COVID-19
Advanced Preparation: None

CpeEUCI is registered with the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA) as a sponsor of continuing professional education on the National Registry of CPE Sponsors. State boards of accountancy have final authority on the acceptance of individual courses for CPE credit.



Who Should Attend

  • Solar project developers
  • Solar investors and sponsors
  • Solar project lenders
  • Solar project legal, accounting and other advisors
  • Solar project OEM suppliers
  • Solar project EPCs
  • Solar project environmental advisory firms
  • Agrivoltaic service providers
  • Utilities
  • State and federal environmental staff
  • State regulatory commission staff
  • Community economic development staff
  • Community stakeholders

Supporting Organizations