By - Jon Brown

Solar Development on Landfills, Impoundments, Brownfields and Utility Contaminated Sites
January 28-29, 2021 | Online :: Central Time

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“EUCI’s focused conferences afford those actively participating or looking to participate in solar/energy development the tools necessary to streamline processes and conduct business in the most efficient manner possible. I love EUCI’s focused conferences!” – Vice President, Seminole Financial Services

With solar power now in the mainstream of energy resource development, the aggressive search for suitable greenfield sites has prompted savvy investors, project developers, suppliers, and power organizations to consider sites with less conventional development characteristics.

Ironically, these blemished sites areas often turn out to be attractive siting options for solar projects. Business is flourishing. Renewable energy policies, coupled with multiple tax and related financial incentives, contribute to the development appeal of these types of sites. Yet, there are special considerations applicable to closed landfill and brownfield sites as compared with greenfield locations.

This conference will examine the significant aspects of developing solar energy on landfills, brownfields and other contaminate sites. It will consider utility interconnection, engineering, permitting, environmental and regulatory, legal, risk and financing issues. Developers, regulatory officials, investors and legal specialists with expertise in this very special arena will conduct the program, using case studies and examples from successful projects.

Learning Outcomes

The content is intended as a survey (fundamentals) event for utilities, project developers, regulators and community stakeholders in states that are just now beginning to turn their attention to this class of solar development.

Attendees will gain practical and technical skills that allow them to:

  • Analyze PV technical and economic factors unique to landfills
  • Design solar projects on these areas
  • Assess the environmental engineering aspects of siting
  • Identify interconnection considerations and constraints
  • Evaluate the insurance and risk management connected to these projects
  • Analyze landfill reuse permits
  • Identify legal aspects of development and financing
  • Evaluate the technical and practical considerations municipalities must consider when planning these projects



EUCI has been accredited as an Authorized Provider by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET).  In obtaining this accreditation, EUCI has demonstrated that it  complies with the ANSI/IACET Standard which is recognized internationally as a standard of good practice. As a result of their Authorized Provider status, EUCI is authorized to offer IACET CEUs for its programs that qualify under the ANSI/IACET Standard.

EUCI is authorized by IACET to offer 1.1 CEUs for this event and 0.3 CEUs for the workshop.


Instructional Methods 

This program will use PowerPoint presentations, case studies and group discussions. 

Requirements for Successful Completion of Program 

Participants must log in each day and be in attendance for the entirety of the event to be eligible for continuing education credit.


Thursday, January 28, 2021 : Central Time

12:15 – 12:30 p.m. :: Log In and Welcome

12:30 – 5:00 p.m. :: Conference Timing

12:30 – 12:45 p.m. :: Overview & Introductions

12:45 – 1:30 p.m. :: EPA Landfill, Brownfield and Solar Program Support

This session will detail the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) ongoing initiative to encourage and facilitate renewable energy development on current and formerly contaminated lands, landfills and mine sites when such development is aligned with the community’s vision for the site.  The RE-Powering America’s Land Initiative identifies the renewable energy potential of tracked EPA and state sites and provides useful resources for communities, developers, state and local governments and other interested stakeholders.  The focus in this session will be on opportunities for future development, with supplemental information on the program’s efforts to date and observed trends.

1:30 – 2:30 p.m. :: Navigating the Permitting and Regulatory Process

  • Key permitting requirements
    • Solid waste permits
    • Zoning
    • Environmental impact review
    • Non-landfill brownfields
  • REC/SREC qualification
  • Liability issues and mitigation
  • Practical considerations

2:30 – 2:45 p.m. :: Afternoon Break

2:45 – 3:45 p.m. :: Comparing Landfill/Brownfield to Greenfield PV Project Planning & Design Characteristics

  • Why landfills?
  • Permitting timelines
  • Site design
  • Settlement
  • Long-term O&M
  • Stormwater and remediation management
  • Utility interconnection process

3:45 – 5:00 p.m. :: Site Preparation, Environmental Remediation and Engineering Considerations

As the numbers of brownfields and landfills multiply as solar project host sites, the engineering, environmental science and preparation practices particular to these contaminated properties advance as well. The choice of remediation methods, site engineering practices and applications, racking systems and foundations all can have profound effect on the risk mitigation and finance-ability of a project. This segment, conducted by site remediation specialists, will examine the critical knowledge needed by those interested in developing solar projects on these sites including:

  • Site assessment, remediation and prep
  • Special landfill considerations
  • Foundation and racking systems’ selection
  • Corrosion mitigation
  • Construction Best Practices
  • Risk and insurance

5:00 p.m. :: Course Adjourns for Day

Friday, January 29, 2021 : Central Time

8:15 – 8:30 a.m. :: Log In and Welcome

8:30 a.m. – 4:45 p.m. :: Conference Timing

8:30 – 9:45 a.m. :: Project Development Expense Assumptions

As with any development project, the numbers have to add up.  This segment will provide pragmatic guidance, financial ranges and lessons learned by one of the solar landfill sector’s longest-standing development organizations, touching upon these critical elements:

  • Due diligence
  • System design
  • Equipment selection
  • Construction
  • Commissioning
  • Operation

9:45 – 10:00 a.m. :: Break

10:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. :: Financing Overview and Metrics of Landfill-specific Solar Projects

  • Appraisal / valuation
  • Tax equity considerations
  • Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) incentives and penalties
  • PPA terms and negotiation elements
  • CapEx
  • Hurdle rates
  • Return on Investment (ROI)
  • P90 scenarios
  • Curtailment exposure and impact on financial performance
  • Debt service coverage ratio (DSCR)
  • Other considerations

12:00 – 12:45 p.m. :: Lunch Break

12:45 – 2:00 p.m. :: Why Do Landfill Projects Proliferate in Some States But Not Others?

  • Presence of state legislation
  • Presence of tax, economic development and other incentives
  • Structure of utility regulations and oversight
  • Renewable energy mandates
  • Environmental review, constraints and coordination
  • How to “move the needle” in a state or community to improve development prospects

2:00 – 2:10 p.m. :: Break

2:10 – 3:20 p.m. :: Developing Project Collaborations

  • Distinguishing among various types of brownfields
  • Landfills
  • Superfund sites
  • Government (often military) abandoned parcels
  • Utility coal combustion residual (CCR) and other
    • Comparing local, regional, state and federal project partners
    • Building a Team
  • EPC
  • Finance and tax
  • Legal
  • Environmental
  • Community stakeholders

3:20 – 3:30 p.m. :: Break

3:30 – 4:45 p.m. :: Best Practices Roundtable: Project Developers and SMEs

Project developers will engage in a roundtable discussion re: aspects of landfills and/or brownfields project development that prospective developers, utilities, investors, integrators, EPC providers and others will find instructive and insightful, addressing such facets as:

  • Implications of election outcomes on renewable energy project financing
  • Recently enacted and pending legislative measures relating to renewables
  • Policy and regulatory developments
  • Technology shifts and trends

4:45 p.m. :: Symposium Adjournment


Fundamentals Of Financing Landfill Solar Development

Thursday, January 28, 2021 :: Central Time

8:15 – 8:30 a.m. :: Log In

8:30 – 11:45 a.m. :: Workshop Timing

8:30 – 8:45 a.m. :: Overview & Introductions

Solar Financing Components

  • Process and features
  • Key players, roles and interests
  • Due diligence requirements
  • Distributed-scale
  • Utility-scale
    • Power purchase agreements (PPAs) financing issues
    • Engineering procurement construction (EPC) financing issues
    • Financial Sourcing
  • Sequence and staging
  • Operating revenues and expenses

Solar Development Driver: Investment Tax Credit

  • Genesis and history
  • Criteria for
  • Monetizing its application
  • Most common transactional structure
  • Treatment of depreciation
  • Cash flow
  • Return to tax equity investor

Examination of Transaction Structures

  • Partnership flip
  • Sale-leaseback
  • Lease pass-through
  • Deciding on the best solution

Converting Financing Structures into Project Implementation

This segment will review a solar landfill case study that illustrates how the financing elements above are translated into project development.

 11:45 a.m. :: Workshop Adjournment


  • Andrew Bernstein, Managing Partner, Kearsarge Energy

  • Annika Colston, President & Founder, AC POWER

  • Paul Curran, Managing Partner, BQ Energy

  • Chris Diaz, co-CEO, Seminole Financial Services

  • James Duffy, Partner, Nixon Peabody LLP

  • Chad Farrell, Founder and CEO, Encore Renewable Energy

  • Tony Grappone, Partner, Novogradac & Company LLP

  • Michael Kuhn, Senior Vice President & Team Leader – Commercial Lending, Cambridge Savings Bank

  • Peter Lawrence, Director – Public Policy & Government Relations, Novogradac & Co LLP

  • Kevin Magayah, Vice President, CS Energy

  • Brian Morrissey, Managing Director, Citizens Solar

  • Michael Rauch, Director, BQ Energy

  • Lloyd Ritter, Founder & Managing Partner, Green Capitol LLC

  • Lora Strine, Coordinator – RE-Powering America’s Lands Initiative, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • Andrew Westhoven, Senior Project Manager, NJR Clean Energy Ventures (invited)


Please Note: This event is being conducted entirely online. All attendees will connect and attend from their computer, one connection per purchase. For details please see our FAQ

If you are unable to attend at the scheduled date and time, we make recordings available to all registrants for three business days after the event

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