By - Jon Brown

Petroleum Refining 101
January 27-28, 2020 | Denver, CO

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The abundance of heavier crude oil has led to the evolution of flexible refining operations capable of producing more valuable finished products from a variety of feedstocks.

This course will present an overview of modern, sophisticated petroleum refining. Each refining process will be presented in detail. Participants will gain an understanding of the properties of crude oil and refined products. They will learn about gasoline production, hydrocarbon processing, and catalysts in refining. Over the course of two days, attendees will develop knowledge of sulfur recovery, corrosion in refineries, and refinery cost estimation. They will leave with an understanding of how to evaluate investments in the refining industry. The instructor, who has decades of “boots on the ground” experience will utilize case studies from his career as a refinery manager, for some of the largest refining companies in the United States.

Learning Outcomes

  • Investigate petroleum refining and energy demand
  • Discuss the properties that distinguish different grades of crude oil
  • Define the typical products of refining and their specifications
  • Discover the methods used to create clean and reformulated fuels
  • Evaluate the use of catalysts in petroleum refining
  • Examine the production of gasoline and diesel products
  • Discuss the role of heavy oil upgraders
  • Manage sulfur in the refining process
  • Discover LP modeling and refinery economics
  • Estimate refinery CAPEX and OPEX
  • Specify materials for construction and estimate the cost of investments



EUCI has been accredited as an Authorized Provider by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET).  In obtaining this accreditation, EUCI has demonstrated that it  complies with the ANSI/IACET Standard which is recognized internationally as a standard of good practice. As a result of their Authorized Provider status, EUCI is authorized to offer IACET CEUs for its programs that qualify under the ANSI/IACET Standard.

EUCI is authorized by IACET to offer 1.0 CEUs for this event.


Requirements for Successful Completion of Program

Participants must sign in/out each day and be in attendance for the entirety of the course to be eligible for continuing education credit.

Instructional Methods

Case studies and PowerPoint presentations will be used in this program.


Monday, January 27, 2020

8:00 – 8:30 a.m. :: Registration and Continental Breakfast

8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. :: Course Timing

12:00 – 1:00 p.m. :: Group Luncheon

Introductions, Expectations and a Safety Moment

Petroleum Refining and Energy Demand

  • Early history of refining
  • Composition of crude oil
  • Energy demand
  • Crude oil supply
  • Oil prices

Crude Oil Characterization

  • Properties that distinguish different crudes
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Sulfur
    • Other contaminants
  • Crude oil characteristics
  • Crude assay
  • Product cut points and destinations

Crude Oil Distillation

  • Early uses of petroleum
  • First commercial refinery
  • Development of crude distillation
  • Current uses of crude oil
  • Composition and cut point destinations
  • Chemistry
  • Process overview

Catalysts in Refining

  • Importance of conversion processes
  • Straight run fractions
  • The distillation section of refineries
  • Types of catalysts
  • Reforming catalysts
  • Hydrotreating
  • Zeolites
  • Coking
  • Catalyst poisons

Gasoline Production

  • Properties of gasoline
  • History of gasoline’s use
  • Catalytic reforming
  • Isomerization basics
  • Hydro-isomerization process
  • Mercaptan oxidation (MEROX)
  • Feed specifications
  • Continuous catalytic regeneration (CCR)
  • C4 isomerization process
  • UOP butamer process
  • UOP penex process
  • Gasoline specifications
  • Potential refinery modifications
  • Sulfur distribution
  • Octane distribution
  • FCC feed treating and support units
  • FCC naphtha processing
  • Pool components and octanes
  • Options for non-oxygenated reformulated gasoline


  • The objective of hydrotreating
  • History of hydrotreating
  • Feedstocks
  • Sulfur removal
  • N2, O2, metals and halides removal
  • Olefin saturation
  • Aromatic saturation
  • Products and qualities

Catalytic Cracking

  • History of catalytic cracking
  • Modern FCC
  • RCC overview
  • RCC feedstocks
  • Alkylation

Refinery Configurations and LP Modeling

  • Supply chain
  • Complexity of refinery operations
  • LP models
  • Optimization and LP
  • LP applications
  • Aspen PIMS
  • Limitations of LP models

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

8:00 – 8:30 a.m. :: Continental Breakfast

8:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. :: Course Timing

Clean Fuels

  • Clean fuel regulations
  • Changes in product specifications
  • Advancement in refining techniques
  • Estimated costs

Residual Oil Processing

  • Separation technologies
    • Solvent deasphalting processes
  • Carbon-out technologies
    • Mild thermal cracking
    • Coking processes
  • Residue catalytic cracking processes

Sulfur Recovery

  • Three-stage ammonia burning claus process
  • SRU burner evaluation
  • Turn down
  • Ammonia burning claus technology
  • Reaction furnace
  • Ammonia destruction
  • Choke-ring effects
  • Catalyst requirements
  • Trail gas treating
  • BSR-TGU design vs. SCOTT
  • Sulfur degassing technologies
  • Oxygen enrichment & BOC SURE technology

Corrosion in Refining

  • Naphthenic acid corrosion (NAC)
  • Corrosion mechanisms
  • Sulfidation
  • Types of corrosion
  • Embrittlement and cracking
  • Materials selection

Cost Estimating

  • Curve type estimates
  • Factored estimates
  • Nelson-Farrar index
  • The six tenth cost principle
  • Refinery unit costs and total refinery costs
  • Location factors

Recent Impacts on the Refining Business

  • Discussion of impact of North American shale-oil boom on refining
  • Discussion of impact of Keystone Pipeline
  • Discussion of proposed Tier III gasoline sulfur limitations
  • Discussion of potential greenhouse gas limitations

Course Assessment, Learning Outcome Review and Q&A Session


Gregg Lorimor, Instructor, Previously with Holly Frontier Corporation

Mr. Lorimor recently retired after serving in a variety of positions in Engineering, Operations, and Refinery Management in over 40 years in the oil refining business.  He spent 15 years with Conoco, Inc. (prior to the merger with Phillips) as a Refinery Process Engineer, an Economic Analyst, and an Operations Manager.  Following, he was with Kerr McGee Refining Corporation as an Operations Manager and a Refinery Manager at their plant in Wynnewood, Oklahoma.  Later he moved to Sinclair Oil where he served as Technical Manager, Operations Manager and Refinery Manager at the Sinclair Refineries in Tulsa, Oklahoma and Sinclair, Wyoming.  Mr. Lorimor finished his career as a Senior Engineering Specialist with Holly Frontier Corporation.  He has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Chemical Engineering from Iowa State University.


EUCI Conference Center

6400 S Fiddlers Green Cir.

Greenwood Village CO, 80111

The EUCI conference center is conveniently located adjacent to the Arapahoe at Village Center Light Rail Station, allowing easy access to and from DIA, Downtown, and Local Area Attractions.

Nearby Hotels

Each of these hotels offers a complimentary shuttle to and from the EUCI conference center.

Hyatt Regency Denver Tech Center
7800 East Tufts Ave
Denver, CO 80237
Phone: 1-303-779-1234
2.8 miles away
Special EUCI Room Rate: $179.00
To access EUCI room rate visit
Click “Book Now”, then click “Special Rates”
Click “Corporate or Group Code” and enter CR102338
You may also call our central reservation at 1-800-233-1234 and give them the corporate code of CR102338

Springhill Suites DTC
7900 East Peakview Ave
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Phone: 303-721-3321
0.3 miles away

Wingate by Wyndham
8000 East Peakview Ave
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Phone: 303-626-2641
0.3 miles away

Hyatt Place Denver Tech Center
8300 E.Crescent Parkway
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Phone: 1-303-804-7000
2.1 miles away

Denver Marriott Tech Center
4900 S Syracuse St
Denver, CO 80237
Phone: 303-779-1100
3.1 miles away


Event Standard RateAttendees

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